Bird Families

Canary Finch / Serinus serinus

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The color of the male is yellow-green, brighter on the chest and head. The abdomen is white. Wings, tail and longitudinal streaks on the back and sides are brownish. The female and juveniles are duller colored and have longitudinal brown streaks on their breasts.

Lifestyle.

Inhabitant of the cultural landscape and the lower forest belt of the mountains. Inhabits gardens, parks and groves. It is a sedentary bird in the southern parts of the range, and a migratory bird in the northern parts. Common in habitats. It keeps in flocks and pairs on trees, bushes and on the ground. The cry is a short trill.

The song is a set of trills, reminiscent of the sounds made by a cicada. Nests in tree crowns (usually conifers) and on bushes in April. Clutch of 4-5 bluish eggs with brown spots in May - July. It feeds on seeds and insects. It differs from the siskin by a shorter beak and the absence of a black “cap” on its head.

396. Chaffinch - Fringilla coelebs

396. Chaffinch - Fringilla coelebs.


396. Chaffinch - Fringilla coelebs

The size of a sparrow. In the male, the top of the head is gray-blue, the back is chestnut, the forehead is black, the underside of the body is reddish-brown. The wings and tail are black-brown, the stripes on the sides of the tail and on the shoulders are white. The female is brown-gray.

Migrant. Inhabits forest and forest-steppe zones from the western borders of the USSR to Lake Baikal. Nest is built on a tree. In a clutch there are 4-7 bluish-green eggs with specks and stripes. The voice is the ringing song "pink-pink" and the loud trill of "fu-fu-fu-la-la-la-di-di-di-vi-chiu." Determined by the characteristic color. In flight, white stripes on the shoulders are clearly visible.

397. Yurok - Fringilla montifringilla

397. Yurok - Fringilla montifringilla.


397. Yurok - Fringilla montifringilla

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is bluish-black, the undertail is white. Throat, craw and chest are light red, belly is white. There are white and orange stripes on the wing. The female is duller colored.

Migrant. Inhabits the southern half of the forest-tundra and the forest zone from the Kola Peninsula to the Okhotsk coast. Arranges a nest on a tree. In clutch there are 5-7 greenish eggs with reddish-violet specks. The voice is a harsh "zhee" and a rough song "zhzhzh".

It is quite easily identified by its characteristic color.

398. Canary Finch - Serinus serinus

398. Canary finch - Serinus serinus.


398. Canary Finch - Serinus serinus

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The upper body is brownish yellow with dark streaks, the ventral side is yellow, the back of the abdomen is white.

A resident bird. Inhabits gardens, parks, hedges in settlements in the southwest and west of the European part of the USSR. Nest is built on a tree. In clutch there are 4-5 bluish eggs with brown specks. The voice is a short trill and a song of several trills.

There are many similarities with the siskin, but differs from it in the absence of a black "cap" on its head.

399. Greenfinch - Chloris chloris

399. Greenfinch - Chloris chloris.


399. Greenfinch - Chloris chloris

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is olive green, the ventral side is yellow-green, the ends of the wings and tail are black. The female is grayish greenish.

Wandering bird. Inhabits the edges of mixed and deciduous forests, gardens and parks in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, the mountains of Central Asia. Nest is built on a tree or bush. In clutch there are 4-6 bluish-white eggs with blackish specks. The voice is a clear, short babbling trill, the song consists of several trills.

When determining, it is necessary to pay attention to the canary yellow feathers on the abdomen, wings and tail.

400. Siskin - Spinus spinus

400. Siskin - Spinus spinus.


400. Siskin - Spinus spinus

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. "Cap" on the head, spot on the throat, wings and tail are black. The back is green, the abdomen is white, the rest of the abdominal plumage, as well as the stripes on the wings and tail, are yellow. Wandering bird. Inhabits coniferous, mainly spruce forests from the western borders of the USSR to the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. Nest is built on a tree. In clutch there are 5-6 bluish eggs with reddish specks. The voice is a resounding "tiilli-tili" and a varied song.

When determining it is necessary to pay attention to the black "cap" on the head.

401. Goldfinch - Carduelis carduelis

401. Goldfinch - Carduelis carduelis.


401. Goldfinch - Carduelis carduelis

The size of a sparrow. The top of the head, wings and tail are black.Cheeks, forehead, abdomen, upper tail are white. There is a wide red ring around the beak. On the wings there is a transverse yellow stripe.

Wandering bird. Inhabits forest edges, gardens, parks in the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, Siberia east to the Yenisei, Kazakhstan and Central Asia. Nest in a tree or bush. In clutch there are 4-5 blue eggs with brown spots. The voice is a resounding "drink-drink-drink" and a varied song.

It is determined quite easily by the original color of the plumage. In flight, a yellow stripe on the wings is clearly visible.

402. Tap dance - Acanthis flammea

402. Tap dance - Acanthis flammea.


402. Tap dance - Acanthis flammea

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The forehead and anterior part of the crown, goiter and chest are crimson-red, there is a small black spot on the throat. The dorsal side is grayish-brown, the ventral side is white.

Wandering bird. Inhabits shrubby tundra, forest-tundra and forest zone of coniferous forests throughout the North of the USSR. Nest is built on wood, sometimes in cracks between stones. In clutch there are 4-5 bluish eggs with brown specks. Voice - ringing "even-even" and "pi-yu-pi" and chirping song.

It differs from linnet by the presence of a black spot on the throat.

403. Linnet - Cannabina cannabina

403. Linnet - Cannabina cannabina.


403. Linnet - Cannabina cannabina

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. There is a small crimson spot on the forehead, the head is gray, the back is brown, the upper tail is pinkish-gray. On the wings and tail there are longitudinal wide black and narrow white stripes. Large red spots on the sides of the chest. The bottom is whitish with longitudinal streaks.

Wandering bird. Inhabits gardens, hedges in villages, bushes in ravines in the European part of the USSR, Crimea, Caucasus, Siberia, mountains of Central Asia and South Kazakhstan. Nest is built on a bush. In clutch there are 4-6 greenish-blue eggs with brown specks. Voice - chirping sounds and ringing song. It differs from tap dance by the absence of a black spot on the throat.

404. Uragus - Uragus sibiricus

404. Uragus - Uragus sibiricus.


404. Uragus - Uragus sibiricus


404. Uragus - Uragus sibiricus

Somewhat smaller than a sparrow. The back is pink or white-pink with dark streaks, the ventral side is pink or crimson, the tail and wings are black-brown. There are silvery feathers on the forehead, throat and on the sides of the head.

Wandering bird. Inhabits floodplain plantations and felling areas in the southern half of Siberia and the Far East. Nest is built on a bush. In clutch there are 4-5 blue-green eggs with dark spots. Voice - ringing "drink-il" and song.

It is quite easily identified by its long tail and characteristic coloration.

405. Lentils - Carpodacus erythrinus

405. Lentils - Carpodacus erythrinus.


405. Lentils - Carpodacus erythrinus

The size of a sparrow. The back, tail and wings are brownish-red, the abdomen is pinkish-white, the head, craw and chest are bright red. Migrant. Inhabits damp meadows with shrubs, forest edges from the western borders to Kamchatka and Sakhalin. Nest is built on a bush or tree. In clutch there are 5-6 greenish-blue eggs with brown spots. The voice is a quiet "guin" and a loud song "gui-vigiu".

When determining, it is very important to pay attention to the bright red color of the head, goiter and chest.

406. Siberian Lentil - Carpodacus roseus

406. Siberian lentil - Carpodacus roseus.


406. Siberian Lentil - Carpodacus roseus

The size of a sparrow. The plumage is crimson pink. The wings and tail are black-brown, with light stripes on the sides of the tail and across the wings. The head and throat are silvery. The abdomen is white.

Wandering bird. Inhabits taiga regions of Siberia and the Far East. No masonry has been described on the territory of the USSR. The voice is a short, soft whistle.

It differs from Uragus in a larger body and a short tail.

407. Schur - Pinicola enucleator

407. Schur - Pinicola enucleator.


407. Schur - Pinicola enucleator

The size of a starling. The plumage is crimson, the wings and tail are brownish-black, on the shoulders there are two white transverse stripes. Wandering bird. Inhabits the northern half of the coniferous forest zone from the Kola Peninsula to Kamchatka. Nest is built on a tree. In clutch there are 3-5 blue eggs with dark specks. The voice is a melodic whistle.

Determined mainly by appearance.

408. Klest-Elovik - Loxia curvirostra

408. Klest-elovik - Loxia curvirostra.


408. Klest-Elovik - Loxia curvirostra

The size of a sparrow. The plumage is red. The wings and tail are brown-black. Females are greenish yellow.

Wandering bird. Inhabits the zone of coniferous forests from the Kola Peninsula to the Okhotsk coast, mountain forests in the south of the country. Nest is built on a tree.In clutch there are 3-4 bluish-green eggs with brown specks. Voice - ringing "glue-glue" and song.

It differs from the beak in smaller size, the beak is crossed.

409. White-winged Crossbill - Loxia leucoptera

409. White-winged crossbill - Loxia leucoptera.


409. White-winged Crossbill - Loxia leucoptera

The same as the pine crossbill, but on the wings there are two transverse white stripes. Distribution and lifestyle - like pine crossbills.

410. Bullfinch - Pyrrhula pyrrhula

410. Bullfinch - Pyrrhula pyrrhula.


410. Bullfinch - Pyrrhula pyrrhula

The size of a sparrow. The top of the head and the ring at the base of the beak, the wings and tail are black. The undertail and upper tail are white, the back is bluish-gray, the ventral side is pink-red. In females, the ventral side is gray. A resident and nomadic bird. Inhabits coniferous forests from the western borders of the country to Kamchatka. Nest is built on a tree. In clutch there are 4-6 bluish eggs with brown spots. The voice is a loud "fu-fu" and a crackling song.

Determination mainly by the characteristic color of the plumage.

411. Dubonos - Coccothraustes coccothraustes

411. Dubonos - Coccothraustes coccothraustes.


411. Dubonos - Coccothraustes coccothraustes

Slightly smaller than a starling. The plumage is pinkish-red, the wings, tail and spot on the throat are black, the middle of the back and shoulders are brown, the nape is gray. The beak is thick and massive.

A resident and nomadic bird. Inhabits deciduous forests from the western borders of the country to the Far East. Nest is built on a tree. The clutch contains 4-5 gray-green eggs with dark spots. The voice is a loud "dik-dik" and a crackling song.

The definition is mainly by the characteristic appearance.

Classification

Kingdom: Animals
A type: Chordates
Subtype: Vertebrates
Class: Birds
Superorder: Newcomers
Squad: Passerine
Suborder: Singers
Family: Finches
Genus: Canary finches

Taxonomy

Close to the Canary canary finch, the canary finch (S. serinus) is sometimes considered only a subspecies of the canary.

Interesting Facts

The software product StackGuard (developed by Grispin Cowan, et al.) Is called the "canary," after the living canaries that miners used to detect rock gas in a mine. Canaries are very sensitive to methane in the air. This feature was used at one time by miners, who, going underground, took with them a cage with a canary. As long as the bird's singing was heard, one could work calmly. If the singing was not heard for a long time, then it was necessary to climb up as quickly as possible, the concentration of gas in the mine was dangerous.

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