Bird Families

White-Belted Swift / Apus pacificus

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Sizes like a black swift. The general color is black-brown, the throat and loin are white, on the ventral side there is a light scaly pattern. Tail with a sharp cut.

Lifestyle.

Inhabits mountains and cultural landscape. Migrant. Common. Nests in colonies, nests in cracks of rocks and under eaves of buildings, usually not far from water. Clutch in June, consists of 2-3 white eggs. Flight and habits, like a black swift. The voice is a sharp two-syllable "spi-irr". It differs from the Lesser Swift in its large size, deep cut on the tail, brown coloration of the back and abdomen, from the Black Swift - in the white loin.

Recommended and cited literature

Guides-determinants of the geographer and traveler V.E. Flint, R.L. Boehme, Yu.V. Kostin, A.A. Kuznetsov. Birds of the USSR. Publishing house "Mysl" Moscow, edited by prof. G.P. Dementieva. Image:

248. Thorntail - Hirundapus caudacutus

248. Thorntail - Hirundapus caudacutus.


248. Thorntail - Hirundapus caudacutus

The size of a starling. The back is grayish, the abdomen is brown, the wings and tail are black, the forehead, throat and undertail are white.

Migrant. Inhabits taiga regions of Siberia. Builds a nest in a hollow. There are 3-6 white eggs in a clutch. The voice is a rattling cry.

It is well defined by its rather large size.

249. White-bellied Swift - Apus melba

249. White-bellied Swift - Apus melba.


249. White-bellied Swift - Apus melba

Slightly smaller than a starling. The throat, chest and abdomen are white, and the rest of the plumage is brownish.

Migrant. Inhabits mountain landscapes of the southern regions of the USSR.Breeds in colonies. The nest is built in the slot. There are 2-3 white eggs in a clutch. The voice is a harsh "scree-scree".

In flight, a distinctive feature is a white abdomen.

250. Black Swift - Apus apus

250. Black Swift - Apus apus.


250. Black Swift - Apus apus

Slightly smaller than a starling. The plumage is black, the throat is whitish.

Migrant. Inhabits cities and villages, less often forests from the western borders to Lake Baikal. Breeds in colonies. Nest is built in a gap or hollow. There are 2-3 white eggs in a clutch. The voice is shrill, harsh. Well defined by black coloration and crescent wings.

251. White-belt swift - Apus pacificus

251. White-belt swift - Apus pacificus.


251. White-belt swift - Apus pacificus

Slightly smaller than a starling. The plumage is black-brown, the throat and upper tail are white. The tail is deeply cut.

Migrant. Inhabits rocks, cities and villages from Western Altai to the Koryak Upland. Breeds in colonies. The nest is built in the cracks. There are 2-3 white eggs in a clutch. The voice is a harsh "spi-irr".

It differs from a black swift in a white uppertail, from a small one - in a larger size and a deep notch on the tail.

252. Lesser Swift - Apus affinis

252. Lesser Swift - Apus affinis.


252. Lesser Swift - Apus affinis

Significantly smaller than starling. The plumage is black, the forehead and upper tail are white. Tail with a slight cut.

Migrant. Inhabits the lower mountain belt of southern Central Asia. Breeds in colonies. Nest is built in rock crevices. There are 2-3 white eggs in a clutch. The voice is similar to the cry of a black swift, but weaker.

The birds are medium to small in size, very heterogeneous in appearance. The color is usually bright and variegated. They nest in hollows, crevices, holes. Inhabitants of various landscapes. Animal food. Form permanent pairs. The type of development is brood.In the USSR, the detachment is represented by 4 families and 11 species.

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