June (including intensive - until June 19), and already on July 1, autumn migration began. Despite the drying up of some of the water bodies, dry periods are generally more favorable for the migration of red-necks, since at this time extensive mud shoals form on the steppe lakes (during wet periods, the shores are mainly covered with vegetation). The total number of red-necks that flew through the Torey Basin in the spring in the 1990s was estimated at 150 thousand individuals, in 2007 - about 190 thousand.
Russian Ornithological Journal 2013, Volume 22, Express issue 835: 46-47
Chinese Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis - a new species in the avifauna of Russia
Yuri Nikolaevich Glushchenko. Far Eastern Federal University, Pedagogical School, st. Nekrasov, 35, Ussuriysk, 692500, Russia. E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 29, 2012
The Chinese Bulbul Pycnonotus sinensis (J.F. Gmelin, 1789) is widespread in the southern and eastern regions of China (including the island of Taiwan), as well as in the north of Vietnam and the Ryukyu Islands (Japan). Its nominative subspecies penetrates north to the Chinese province of Hebei (MacKinnon, Phillipps 2000, Fishpool, Tobias 2005), and is also recorded in the coastal regions of Korea, where it may breed (Brazil 2009). Until now, no information has been received about the meeting of the Chinese bulbul within Russia, although several other species of the bulbul family Pycnonotidae, which generally have a tropical distribution, have been recorded within Russia and Northern Eurasia, and the short-fingered or red-eared bulbul Micro-scelis amaurotis years in the Russian Far East are regular.
For the first time, a group of 6-8 birds, resembling Chinese bulbul, was observed in roadside forest plantations located in the vicinity of the village of Novo-Nikolsk (Ussuriysky district) on September 8, 2002. Birds actively moved southward, alternately flying from tree to tree along the upper parts of the crowns, so it was difficult to reliably determine them. A single bird, most likely also belonging to this species, was encountered on the De Vries Peninsula (northern part of the Amur
Rus. ornithol. zhurn. 2012. Volume 21. Express Edition No. 835
Bay) on October 24, 2007, but it was not possible to see it in detail again. Another nomadic individual, which was first heard and then examined, was met on September 8, 2012 among the dacha massif located to the east of the city of Ussuriysk. The last observation was preceded by the author's acquaintance with the Chinese bulbul, which took place in the vicinity of the city of Dalian (China) in August 2009, as well as repeated observations of various types of bulbul in China, Thailand and Vietnam in 2009-2012. The Chinese Bulbul has a rather characteristic appearance and color (Brazil 2009), it is difficult to confuse it with other birds of East Asia. The four subspecies of the Chinese bulbul are rather weak in appearance. Based on geographic considerations, our meetings should presumably be attributed to the nominative subspecies.
Liter atur a Brazil M.A. 2009. Birds of East Asia. London: 1-528.
Fishpool L.D.C., Tobias J.A. 2005. Family Pycnonotidae (Bulbuls) // Handbook of the Birds
of the World. Barcelona, 10: 124-251. MacKinnon J., Phillipps K. 2000. A Field Guide he Birds of China. Oxford Univ. Press: 1586.
Russian Ornithological Journal 2013, Volume 22, Express issue 835: 47-49
To the diet of the eagle owl Bubo bubo in the mountain-forest part of the Southern Altai
N.N.Berezovikov, G.M. Vasilieva
Second edition. First published in 1987 *
In the basin of Lake Markakol, at two nests of the eagle owl Bubo bubo in 1981-1982, food remains and pellets were collected (114 specimens).
The feeding of the owl during the nesting time (April-July) was characterized by the following features. Of 114 pellets, 40 specimens. (35% of their total number) contained mammalian remains, 37 specimens. (32.5%) - remains of birds and 37 specimens. (32.5%) - both the remains of mammals and birds. Thus, the proportion of mammals and birds in the diet of the owl during the nesting period is almost the same.
* Berezovikov N.N., Vasilieva G.M. 1987.To the feeding of the owl in the mountain-forest part of the Southern Altai // Endangered, rare and poorly studied plants and animals of the Altai Territory and the problems of their protection. Barnaul: 45-47.
Rus. ornithol. zhurn. 2013. Volume 21. Express Edition No. 835
Dipsis yellowish is the actual name of the plant used by flower growers. The synonymous name - Chrysalidocarpus (Chrysalidocarpus), was assigned to the palm tree for its yellow color and oblong shape of the fruit, reminiscent of the pupa of a butterfly.
From the Greek "chrysalides" is translated - "golden pupa of a butterfly." Whereas the second part of the name - "karpus", means "fruit".
Geography of distribution
The homeland of the palm tree is the east coast of Madagascar. However, now it can be seen in the rainforests of Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Venezuela. And also in the Canary Islands, in the Dominican Republic, in Brazil, in the south of Florida.
Chrysalidocarpus got into indoor conditions in the 80s. XX century, having successfully passed the adaptation. This bright representative of the palm family can be seen both in apartments and in greenhouses, shops, halls of public premises.
Outwardly, Dipsis looks like a bush palm, including several shoots. The latter branch off from the base of the mother plant and form a rather dense bush, numbering from 5 to 20 stems.
As it grows, the thickness of the trunks reaches 5-8 cm in diameter. Depending on the lighting, their tint can be green, yellow or orange.
The leaves of the plant are feathery, curving outward and downward. Color - green or with a yellowish tinge. The leaf length of an adult palm can be up to 1-2 m.
In its natural environment, the height of Chrysalidocarpus is about 10 m. indoor Dipsis usually stops growing at 1.5-3 m.
The flowering of the plant occurs in late spring and early summer. As a result, both male and female flowers are formed on one inflorescence. After several months, golden-yellow fruits appear, measuring 1.5-1.7 cm. They are not edible.
Indoor growing flower Dipsis is extremely rare. But in greenhouses and conservatories, there are no problems with flowering.Pineapple plant shape Dipsis
The subtleties of care for dipstick
As for whether Dipsis care, then this plant cannot be called capricious. However, the content requires adherence to a number of guidelines.
- Growing temperature at home - + 20˚ + 24˚ in summer. And + 16˚ + 18˚ - in winter.
- From spring to autumn, the palm tree is placed in a bright room, but not in direct sunlight. In winter, maximum sunlight is required. If necessary - artificial lighting.
- Regular watering - the earthen ball should always be slightly damp. It is recommended to drain the excess water in the sump. In winter, watering is reduced.
- Fertilizing is carried out during the growing season - from spring to autumn, once every 30 days. From October to March, the addition of additives should be excluded.
- The palm tree requires regular spraying and leaf washing. For small specimens, a shower once a month is fine.
Dipsis does not tolerate heat indoors. Regular ventilation is essential, but direct drafts should be avoided.
If we are talking about a florarium with Dipsis, then care behind him will not be so scrupulous. True, the basic recommendations still need to be followed.
Application in the interior
Dipsys is loved by designers for its unusual and elegant appearance. The bushiness and spreading crown of the plant create a special effect. And easy care allows you to place a palm tree not only in apartments, but also in offices, shopping centers.
Another solution is a florarium with Dipsis. Such a composition has a special charm, being a piece of the jungle or a miniature version of a tropical garden. Chrysalidocarpus is able to bring a touch of exoticism into the atmosphere of any room.
Unusual about Dipsis: signs, traditions
The palm tree has long been considered a symbolic plant with a special energy.Therefore, many signs, traditions and rituals are associated with it.
- according to the custom of Christians, on Palm Sunday, people carry the branches of a palm tree, performing a special ritual, and thereby reflecting the entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem,
- for residents of Arabia and the Middle East palm bears the title of "cosmic tree of life", personifying immortality,
- in ancient Egypt, the plant symbolized the sun god - Ra,
- in ancient Syria, Dipsis was a symbol of femininity and fertility,
- the inhabitants of Rome believe that the palm tree brings good luck and material well-being.
Feng Shui adherents recommend planting a palm tree in the house to improve its overall energy and transfer benefits to households. This is due to the initial filling of Dipsis with a positive charge, because the island of sun and water is considered its homeland.
A few curious facts about the areca palm:
- Chrysalidocarpus holds an award from the Royal Horticultural Society.
- Dipsis is able to absorb carbon dioxide more actively than other plants. A study by NASA "Clean Air" (1989) showed that the palm tree is endowed with the ability to absorb substances toxic to humans (for example, formaldehyde). Dipsis care
- In the homeland of Dipsis - Madagascar - the plant is under threat of extinction. There are no more than 100 copies left here. However, the complete disappearance of Chrysalidocarpus is not threatened. After all, it is successfully grown not only in a number of tropical countries, but also around the world as a houseplant.
- At home, a palm tree evaporates up to 1 liter of water per day. For this reason, it is considered an excellent moisturizer.
It is also interesting that the seeds of Dipsis are used not only for their intended purpose - for reproduction. With the help of special technologies, they are processed, after which they are used to create beads, rosary and other accessories.