Plectranthus (bristle flower, moth lord)Plectranthus - subtropical plant.
Family: Lamiaceae (Lipoids).
Homeland: Tropics, near Limpopo. Distribution area - India, Australia, Japan, Malaysia. Plectrantus is also called indoor mint, otherwise molar tree. In Scandinavia, this plant has another name - Swedish ivy.
howindoor flowerhas a lot of advantages, which makes it especially popular among amateur flower growers: grows quickly, multiplies easily, unpretentious in care, with attractive leaves. With its help, beautiful flower arrangements are created that create coziness and tranquility, and the contemplation of the buds pleases the eye.
When decorating the interior, they are used as an element of a winter garden. Branched shoots hang beautifully from wall planters.
Plectrantus is one of the plants whose leaves are much more attractive than flowers - shiny, decorated with a pattern of veins, with a border, sometimes the leaf surface is slightly pubescent, along the edge there is a border of small denticles. Sometimes they are crinkled, textured, grow crosswise, in pairs.
Flowers are of no value, small in size, lilac, white, lilac shades. Consist of 5 petals fused together at the base. They are located whorled, inflorescences, 6-10 pieces in each - umbellate or racemose.
This photo shows a flower of an indoor plectrantus:
To make the plant look more attractive, the inflorescences should be cut off. Flowering takes place in the summer. The corolla in the center contains the stamens and the ovary. When the plant is pollinated, fruits are tied, inside which 4 small nuts ripen. The fruit opens on its own when ripe.
You can consider this plant in more detail in the photo below - here is the plectrantus in all its glory:
The etymology of the name of the plant comes from the roots of the Greek language: "Plectron" - "spur" and "anthos" - "flower": the swelling of the corolla tube at the base resembles a spur in appearance. The root system does not go deep into the ground, fibrous. The stem is ribbed, glabrous or slightly pubescent in some species, with a skin on top, the color of which is bright green or brown-red.
How to properly care for sha plectranthus (molar tree)
How to properly care for a plectrantus when growing at home?
Below are some helpful tips for growing a plant. First of all, you need to create conditions as close as possible to natural subtropical, which means high humidity, plenty of fresh air, warmth and light in large quantities. It adapts well to new conditions.
Location: bright, even sunny. The light should be soft and diffused - such lighting can be obtained on the windowsills of the southwestern part of the room or the eastern one. If the plant will be placed on the south side, it is necessary to provide protection from direct sun exposure, otherwise the shoots and leaves will instantly lose their decorative appearance.
The wrong amount of light - too much or too little - will be harmful. When the daylight hours are too short, a plant called plectrantus can receive light from a lamp. Can tolerate slight darkening. In summer, the plant feels great, being outdoors, on the balcony, in the garden.
Air humidity: high only in too warm rooms. Since the flower develops quickly, it takes a lot of energy to build up leaves, which requires more moisture. This can be achieved by spraying, generous watering. It will be especially useful to carry out such a procedure on those days when the temperature is above 22 °.
Watering: the substrate must always be moist. In March-September, watering should be abundant when the top layer is already dry. In the fall-winter season, it is quite mild. It is necessary to water with settled water, make sure that the temperature is at room temperature.
Substrate: Flower soil mixture. A mixture of soil for mint is prepared not of very high density: 2 parts - humus, sod land, 1 part leafy soil (or garden), 0.5 parts each - peat, river sand.
With the fulfillment of these conditions, even for a beginner, caring for a plectrantus in ordinary home conditions will be a simple matter.
Transfer: Better to grow young plants. When the mint is just purchased, it is better to transplant at the same time. Without disturbing the lump of earth, transfer the mint to a container with a large diameter. You can land in open ground only when the weather has become stable and frost at night is not expected.
The first 5 years of growth - the transplant should be carried out annually, the rest of the time - depending on the growth of the flower, but much less often. The root system of plants is powerful, therefore high pots are needed, a drainage layer must be placed on the bottom.
Only spraying with various insecticidal preparations will help get rid of these pests. Be sure to do this outdoors.
When growing this subtropical handsome man, it is necessary to solve all problems in a timely manner. These include, for example, the following difficulties:
- Yellow foliage
- Drooping stems
- Discoloration of leaves,
- Excess irrigation water.
The foliage turns yellow and falls off, usually due to too low air temperature, or excess moisture. This also leads to the fact that the root system rots.
Excess irrigation water leads to the formation of powdery mildew. It looks like spots of a grayish tint on the surface of the leaves.
You can cure the plant by spraying with a solution: 100 g whey per 300 g water. Also, at the same time, reduce the amount of water that is watered.
Cropping: If you regularly cut off the tops of the shoots, the plant shines better.
Reproduction of indoor plectrantus by cuttings
Reproduction of indoor plectrantus is carried out by stem cuttings about 10 cm long, as well as by dividing the bush when planting. Cuttings root well in water, then they are transplanted into small containers, usually several seedlings together. Rooting takes 2-3 weeks. More than one cuttings planted together will create a large, lush bush.
For example, such as in this photo - here is depicted a plectrantus, aka indoor mint, in its prime:
Reproduction by apical cuttings. In spring, the plants are cut off - 50% of the total length of the shoot. It is worth pinching the top, which promotes branching, so new young shoots are formed. Weak branches should be pruned as they emerge, year-round.
Properties of the indoor plant plectrantus
Indoor evergreens called plectrantus, with their mint smell, scare away moths in the room, thereby protecting woolen clothes and various products with them. The essential oil from this plant refreshes the room, removes microbes that may be contained in it. Phytoncides also calm the nerves and improve sleep.
The plant also helps with some health problems.
With an insect bite, a washed and crushed leaf can be applied to the bite site - relieves irritation and itching after a bite. Smearing the skin with juice - not so annoying mosquitoes. Indoor flowers, called plectrantus, are used as a diuretic and expectorant, against inflammatory processes, and with high efficiency. From completely green shoots with buds, you can brew tea, which is used for treatment.
In Indonesian cuisine, it is mixed into refreshing drinks, preserves, and teas. Local cuisine can also be prepared using its leaves - for example, as a condiment. The smell - mint, thyme, oregano - allows you to improvise. Certain varieties are cultivated for edible leaves or tubers.
Types and varieties of plectranthus: photos, names and descriptions of all varieties
The varietal differences are so diverse that it is very difficult to list them all.
Several characteristic features of different types of indoor plectrantus varieties are shown in the photo, and their description is also given:
This is a shrub in shape, sometimes a subshrub, grass. A plant with semi-succulent properties - their tissues can store moisture). The cells contain essential oils. Stem - often naked, sometimes covered with hairs, its shape is four-sided, stands straight or spreads.
In total, the main four types of these ampelous plants are widespread.
Plectranthus fruticosus(shrub plectrantus) called "moth lord" with heart-shaped leaves that emit a very intense camphor scent. This type of plectrantus is also called the molar tree - it is it that helps to drive away this insect, namely, with its essential oil contained in the leaves: it is released at the slightest touch of the shoots.
Plectranthus oertendahlii(plectrantus Erdenthal) has almost round, light green leaves with white edges. It is this type of green plectrantus that is called Swedish ivy. The unusual shape of the leaf, with carved edges, and the double-sided color of the leaves - a bright green hue and purple-pinkish - make it a favorite among indoor plants.
It is worth taking a closer look at the given photo of this plectrantus: of all varieties, it is considered a favorite.
Curiously, this is the only plant species that does not emit a scent. It is very decorative. More than all other species, it needs constant plucking of the shoots - so that the bushiness is even higher. In interior decoration it is used as ampelous - weak stems give easy lodging.
The flower of such a plectrantus is a bell, it grows in racemose inflorescences, the length of which reaches 30 cm.The bells are light purple, sometimes white, each of them grows up to 1.5 cm long.
Plectranthus coleoides marginatus(plectranthus coleus) ... In appearance, it is a rather large bush, up to 1 m tall, with pubescent pinkish-red erect shoots. Marginatus' is distinguished by green leaves with a wide white edge or spots of the same color, up to 6 cm in length - its leaves are the largest of all types.
Plectranthus parviflorus(small-leaved plectranthus) - with dark green oval leaves.
Felt Plectranthus - a miniature bush, if it grows in a home. Leaves of a pale green color, shoots dropping down, a subtle scent of mint. When in the wild, it grows much taller and wider, and the leaf length is longer. A feature independent of the conditions is its high light-requiring.
Also very popular is a hybrid variety of green plectrantus - Mona Lavender , a shrub on whose brown-brown stems large dark green leaves are attached. The top side is glossy, the bottom is fleecy, purple. It blooms with violet-blue inflorescences, with blue specks.
Plectranthus oakleaf - its leaves are serrate, leathery, similar in shape to oak leaves. By rubbing the leaf between your fingers, you can feel the intense smell of the needles.
Plectrantus Reddening is quite popular among flower growers (Plectranthus purpuratus Harv.) ... At the bottom, the stalk is stiff. The leaves are fleshy, with a light edging, similar to velvet, red-orange glands pass along them, the edges are reddish. The stems are cylindrical, after the middle they bend, bend, dropping to the ground.
The photos below show the variety of species of evergreen plectrantus:
In the Scandinavian countries, the plant lives in almost every home. It is believed that it is similar in influence to a "money tree" - it attracts wealth, material well-being, good luck in all endeavors and wealth, relieves of bad thoughts.