Bird Families

Barn owl owl bird

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Interesting about barn owls. Non-standard owls. Owl sticks out tongue

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Barn owl. Bird voices

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Spelling of the phrase "Ceylon masked barn owl" in transliteration

How is this phrase spelled in transliteration.

tseylonskaya maskovaya sipukha

How is this phrase written in the English Qwerty keyboard layout.

w t q k j y c r f z v f c r j d f z c b g e [f

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Description and features

The bird can boast of its unusual name for a reason. It's all about the specifics of her voice, like a vulture or snoring. The barn owl is distinguished from other species of owls by a face disc of an unusual shape, which has a heart-shaped appearance. It feels like they put a mask on her. If depicted barn owl in the photo, then you can recognize it precisely by this sign.

Birds of this species are not large in size, they have a special face and light color. The length of an adult is within the range of 33 - 39 cm, body weight is about 300-355 g. The wingspan reaches 90 cm. The upper part of the body is distinguished by a sandy color, on which white and dark specks are visible. The lower half is light, and the plumage is interspersed with dark.

The front part is flattened, light with an ocher border. The wings are pale white, have an original pattern of golden streaky tint. The barn owl can be recognized by its huge expressive eyes, slender build, long legs with thick and fluffy feathers up to the toes. The tail is not long, the beak is yellowish-white.

It is interesting! The color of the lower half of the bird's body depends on where it lives. So, for example, North Africa, Western and Southern Europe, the Middle East are inhabited by representatives of the species, in which this part of the body is white. In the rest of Europe, these owls have a yellow-orange lower half of the body.

Females and males are very similar. If you look closely, you can only indicate that the females have a slightly darker color, but this is not striking. The barn owl is considered a solitary bird. If, when flying around her territory, she sees a relative, then she will immediately attack him.

During the day it hides in a safe shelter, at night the bird goes to hunt. It flies silently, which is why among people it is called a "ghost owl." Sharp eyesight and hearing help her very well. Sedentary is the way of life that is peculiar to it, but sometimes it can move to a new place due to lack of food.

The barn owl family has 11 species belonging to 2 genera. There are several of the most popular:

1. Barn owl found in America, Asia (except for Siberia, Central and Central), Africa, Madagascar, many European countries. A small bird (33-39 cm long) arranges nests in hollows, often in buildings. It feeds on shrews, small rodents,

2. Madagascar red barn owl can be found in the forests of North-East Madagascar. It is small in size (the body is about 27.5 cm long) and is an exceptionally nocturnal inhabitant. This species can be recognized by the species cry, which is expressed by a loud hiss (about 1.5 seconds), which ends with a sharp, strong high-pitched sound. For hunting he chooses forest edges, rice fields,

3. Mask barn owl lives in the southern New Guinea and Australian expanses. For settlement he chooses forests and open flat terrain with few trees. For nesting, prefers burrows and natural niches. The size of an adult can vary within 38-57 cm. Birds tied to one locality show up from the shelter only at night, going for food - small mammals, farm birds.

4. Herb barn owl - an inhabitant of plains with tall grass in the northern and eastern regions of India, the foothills of the Himalayas, southern and eastern regions of China, Taiwan. The birds of this species were chosen by the islands of Southeast Asia, the group of the Philippine Islands,

5. Black barn owl Is a species found in Australia. A small-sized bird (length about 37-51 cm) is an inhabitant of predominantly tropical expanses. A lover of evalipt thickets with high humidity, she predominantly chooses old trees with high trunks. For hunting, the bird can go to dry forests, but it waits out the daytime in tropical oases. It also nests in the tropics. It does not differ in particular whimsicality in the choice of food: it can eat not only small animals and birds, but also does not disdain insects, reptiles of small sizes.

6. Small black barn owl - a separate species that settled in the impassable tropics of the Australian coast. The name speaks for itself - the size of an adult does not exceed 38 cm. Nesting takes place in hollows, and preference is given to large holes.

Sometimes it settles in natural depressions among the root system of trees and in niches of natural origin. During the nesting period, both representatives of the pair are next to each other, but outside the season they live alone and during the day they are in completely different places. After laying eggs, the female takes at least 42 days to incubate them. During this period, the male hunts and brings her food and more than once a night.

The peculiarity of the barn owl is that birds of this species, while hunting, are able to easily fly through the dense impassable tropics even at night. For them, it is not at all a problem to establish the location of a potential victim, and then suddenly attack her. In addition to various rodents, lizards, frogs, other small animals can also be eaten. They can attack arboreal mammals, birds, opossums.

7. Gray barn owl - a resident of the regions of Southeast Asia. It got its name from its characteristic grayish tint. Small in size, only 23-33 cm. The bird inhabits not only forests, but also plain spaces.

In the role of nesting sites, it prefers hollows of trees. It eats small mammals, birds, reptiles, and does not disdain insects. Barn owls are akin to real owls, but have some distinct characteristics.

Lifestyle and habitat

Barn owls are exclusively nocturnal animals. Going in search of prey only at night, in the sunlight they sleep in their shelters. For daytime rest, the discovered niches, both natural and artificial, are chosen (for example, attics, holes in the ground). They live alone, and only in exceptional cases they unite in small groups, but it will be possible to notice this only in those places where there is an accumulation of game.

While on the hunt, the barn owls constantly vary in the air, then soaring up, then down again and flying around their possessions. They can wait for their prey hiding in ambush. Hunting is especially active on those days when the bright moon is shining in the sky.

The barn owl's wings are special. They are arranged in such a way that their flight, due to their quietness and softness, is almost impossible to hear. Excellent vision and excellent hearing complete the overall picture.

It is interesting! In some areas (for example, Britain), barn owls risk going hunting during the day. But such a time is fraught with a certain danger for them: they themselves can become the prey of birds of prey (seagulls, for example).

When attacking a victim, the barn owl uses its sharp claws, with which it kills its prey. After that, he steps on the body with his paw and tears it apart with his beak. A very flexible neck helps the birds to eat their prey, practically without bending over. When the barn owl is eating, the feathers of the front part move so that it seems as if the bird is grimacing.

Widespread on almost all continents, except for Antarctica, birds for settlements choose mainly open spaces, heather heathlands and fields, where rodents and small reptiles can be profited in abundance.

In villages, birds of this species hunt near human habitation. They nest in the darkest and most abandoned corners of various buildings, they will gladly take a fancy to abandoned buildings, dovecotes. It cannot be said that barn owl bird.

Barn owls are distinguished by patriotism, which manifests itself in a strong attachment to their native places. Having settled in any place, they will scare away strangers from their dwelling with fierce screams.

They can spend a lot of time cleaning feathers and tidying up their own nest. If a person starts to approach the barn owl, then the bird reacts by raising and smoothly swinging on its feet to the right and to the left. At the same time, she grimaces very much.

Food

Mouse-like rodents are a real treat for the barn owl. The bird can easily cope with a large gray rat. In one night, an individual is able to catch about 15 mice. Sometimes it catches and eats small birds, especially sparrows, small amphibians. Will not disdain insects.

The bird grasps its prey right during the flight, holds it tightly in its claws and takes it to where no one will interfere with its quiet meal. The positioning of the hearing aid in a special way helps owls to react even to very quiet sounds that come from the victim, and this means a lot during the hunt. The ears are not symmetrically positioned: one is at the level of the nostrils, the other at the level of the frontal lobe.

Reproduction

Depending on the characteristics of the habitat of barn owls, their breeding season also falls at different times. In tropical conditions, there is no seasonality of reproduction as such.

As for the temperate latitudes, here the breeding season for barn owls begins in March - April. Monogamy is characteristic of owls of this species. But sometimes you can see cases of polygamy, when there is more than one female per male.

Individuals nest, breaking into pairs, choosing, first of all, natural conditions - hollows, holes, nests of other birds. Barn owls are not characterized by the construction of their nests. If we are talking about anthropogenic landscapes, then attics, barns, bell towers act as nests. Nests can be located at different distances from the ground, but no more than 20 meters in height.

As soon as the mating season begins, the male flies around the tree, which he looked after for the nest. During this period, he screams harshly and hoarsely, which is a way to attract a female. After that, the male begins to chase his chosen one. The pursuit ends with mating, after which the female lays 4-8 small oblong eggs.

Eggs are laid in 1-2 days. The incubation period is 29-34 days. Incubation of eggs is the responsibility of the female, while the partner himself feeds her throughout the entire period of incubation.

Born barn owl chicks covered with a layer of thick white fluff. Parents take care of their food by delivering food in turn. After 35-45 days, the chicks get out of their native nest, and after another 5-10 days they can already fly. Chicks become completely independent only when they reach 3 months.

Living with their parents for the last few days, chicks, together with adults, fly out to hunt, so they are trained. They are adopting invaluable experience. Young birds move far enough from their nest, the radius of dispersal can even reach thousands of kilometers. In years when there are many mice, owl barn owl even in temperate latitudes, it is capable of making two clutches per season. Young females from 10 months are able to bear offspring.

Life span

According to the data obtained by ringing, barn owls in nature can live up to 18 years. But their average life expectancy is much lower - about 2 years. There are exceptions, though. So, for example, an individual that has lived in captivity for 11.5 years can boast a truly "champion" result. The real record holder for life expectancy is a barn owl from England, which was able to live in captivity for 22 years.

Barn owl bird unusual and interesting. A predator with a camouflage color involuntarily evokes admiration and respect, which is why many try to get these birds at home. Owls of this species are very useful, since by exterminating rodents, they thereby help to preserve the harvest as much as possible.

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